114 SHIPPING PRACTICE LULEA Sweden. Exports: iron ore, steel, and timber; 25 ft. water; quick dispatch; special tips for ores; charges cheap; 1,350 miles Leith. This port is frozen from November to 3Iay. MADRAS India. Exports: seeds, cotton, and groundnuts; %vater deep. Artificial harbour; charges are low; port is well equipped with appliances; 7,000 miles London. MANILA Philippines. Exports: sugar, hemp, copra; charges are low; loading is done by native labour; slow turnabout; 9,670 miles London. MOJI Japan. Fuelling station. Good water depth; loading by lighters; slow but cheap. MONTREAL (QUEBEC) St. Lawrence. Exports: grain and timber; well equipped; grain elevators, etc.; frozen December-March; quick discharge; port charges are low; accommodation excellent; 3,140 miles London. Commencement of St. Lawrence seaway to Great Lakes. NEWCASTLE New South Wales. Exports: coal, coke, and wheat; charges are dear; dispatch is quick; difficult navigation, owing to sand bars; 11,500 miles London. NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE Exports: coal, chemicals; imports: grain (elevators), iron ore, oil, esparto grass; water 30 ft.; specially equipped for coal loading; loading and discharge of general cargo about 800 tons a day; charges are moderate. NEW ORLEANS Louisiana. Exports: cotton, lumber, rice, soya, sulphur, grain, coal', 30-35 ft. maximmri; charges are heavy; stevedoring high; quick dispatch; 4,810 miles London. NEW YORK (U.S.A.) Exports: petroleum, grain, and coal; takes any size vessel in harbour; modern appliances; heavy stevedoring is offset by quick dispatch; 3,200 miles London. ODENSE Denmark. Approached by ii-mile long canal. Exports: farm products; water 24ft.; grain elevators; good appliances for general cargo, rail connections to dock; 600 miles London. ODESSA (RUSSIA) Black Sea. Has five harbours; water soft.; tramp cargoes of grain; turnabout slow; charges are dear owing to accommodation being neglected; 3,300 miles London.